Solar pump definition is, as the name suggests the pump uses solar energy to function.
Solar-pumps are robust, installation is simple, minimum maintenance is necessary and very expensive when we compare with normal water pumps.
The life span of these pumps is a maximum of 20 years. But time to time the solar panels need to be cleaned for running. These kinds of pumps mainly used where there is an electricity problem otherwise consistent power supply is not accessible.
When the solar energy drops sun rays on the PV panels then the solar panel converts the rays into electrical energy with the help of Si wafers fixed within the PV panels.
Then the solar energy supplies to the electrical motor to operate the pumping system using cables. By the revolution of the shaft which is fixed to the pump, then the pump begins to pick up the soil water and supplies to the fields.